Ethics can be delineated as a code of professional conduct which differentiate between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour in research. It is important to adhere to ethical norms in research. It is a reflection of quality work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Therefore it is necessary to agree upon certain ethical standards while publishing an article.
Firstly, to promote the truth by avoiding falsifying and misinterpreting the research data and reporting the results objectively. The underlying data should be reported accurately
Secondly the research should promote collaborative work and acknowledge the work of other researchers. The authors should properly cite or quote the work and words of others.
Thirdly, the foremost important ethic in research is accountability to common welfare of public.
Fourthly, the author should not in general share the same manuscript to more then one journal. It is considered as unethical.
The editor should evaluate the manuscript unbiasedly, irrespective of author's race, gender, religious belief, citizenship or political philosophy.
The editor must maintain the confidentiality of research work. The information about submitted manuscript must not be shared other then corresponding author and reviewer.
The reviewer is responsible for promptly reviewing the paper and maintaining confidentiality.